created by Glenn Tamashiro

Hello and welcome. This site was developed to keep you informed about the various lessons and activities that are held in our Government/Economics and Honors Government/AP Macroeconomics classes.

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APMacro: Practice Test FRQ 1


FRQ_Icon   FRQs are a free-response section to answer one long and two short free-response questions in a 60-minute time period. The free-response section begins with a mandatory 10-minute reading period. During this period, students are advised to read each of the questions, sketch graphs, make notes, and plan their answers. Students then have 50 minutes to write their answers. Some questions in the free-response section require graphical analysis. The longer free-response question will generally require students to interrelate several content areas. The two shorter questions will typically focus on a specific topic in a given content area.

Today’s FRQs covered: AD-AS graph, international trade, monetary policy, money market, and interest rates.

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Gov: Meet and Greet Prep 2


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Students will be assigned either as an interest group representative, presidential candidate, candidate’s campaign manager, or a voter. They will create campaign ads with position statements or talking points covering the major issues in a fictitious presidential campaign. The meet and greet is intended to serve as a dialogue between the interest groups and candidates about which issues to focus on during the fictitious presidential campaign.

Campaign commercial ads will use one or more of the following persuasive techniques: testimonial, transfer, bandwagon, card-stacking, plain folks, and glittering generalities. Identify these things in your commercial: experience that qualifies the candidate to be president, why the candidate will appeal to the public, what differentiates the candidate from their opponents, and the candidate’s message.


Homework:
1) Chapter 8 Quiz – Wednesday 5/4

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APMacro: Practice Test Multiple Choice 1


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Answer 60 multiple choice questions in a 70-minute time period. The AP exam tests your knowledge of topics included in a one-semester introductory college course. Topics include basic economic concepts; measurement of economic performance; national income and price determination; financial sector; inflation, unemployment, and stabilization policies; economic growth and productivity; and open economy. Answer 60 multiple choice questions in a 70-minute time period. The AP exam tests your knowledge of topics included in a one-semester introductory college course. Topics include basic economic concepts; measurement of economic performance; national income and price determination; financial sector; inflation, unemployment, and stabilization policies; economic growth and productivity; and open economy.

Arrows-02-june

Gov: Meet and Greet Prep 1


Meet and Greet1

Students will be assigned either as an interest group representative, presidential candidate, candidate’s campaign manager, or a voter. So that others can learn about their candidates or candidates that interest groups or voters support, they will create campaign ads with position statements or talking points covering the major issues in a fictitious presidential campaign. The meet and greet is intended to serve as a dialogue between the interest groups and candidates about which issues to focus on during the fictitious presidential campaign, fund raising for candidates, and gain endorsements from interest groups..

Political Candidates:
Pat Donnellson
Terry Lankan
Cory Mathews
Taylor Andrews
Casey McMahon
J.A. Curley

Interest Groups:
Protect Our Planet
Good Cents for Earth
Association for Eco-Friendly Fuel
Association of Petroleum Distributors
Socially Responsible Crime Prevention
Safety On Our Streets
Health Care for Everyone
Association of American Health Care Providers
Citizens for One America
Americans United for Responsible Choices
Citizens United for Fair Immigration
Citizens United for Better Immigration


Homework:
1) Chapter 8 Quiz – Wednesday 5/4

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Progress Report: 12 weeks


Progress-Report

47l

APMacro: AP Test Review


Graphs to Know

  • Production Possibilities
  • Supply and Demand
  • Circular Flow
  • Business Cycle
  • Aggregate Demand and Aggregate Supply (AD-AS)
  • AD-AS LRAS
  • Money Market
  • Loanable Funds
  • Investment Demand
  • Phillips Curve
  • Foreign Exchange Market

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Equations to Know

  • Comparative Advantage (output)
  • Comparative Advantage (input)
  • GDP (expenditure model)
  • GDP (income model)
  • GDP deflator
  • real GDP
  • CPI
  • Inflation Rate
  • Interest Rate (Fischer Effect)
  • Labor Force
  • Unemployment Rate
  • Labor Force Participation Rate
  • Money Multiplier
  • Rule of 70
  • Spending Multiplier
  • Tax Multiplier
  • MPC
  • MPS

Arrows-02-june

Gov: Caucuses and Primaries


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In most states, the road to nomination in partisan races is the primary election. But some states use a different method, the party caucus.

A caucus is a closed meeting of people from one political party who will select candidates or delegates. In a caucus state, small groups of party members meet in their communities to discuss the various candidates. Each caucus then chooses delegates to represent its views at the party’s state convention. Approximately a dozen states hold caucuses. The best known are the Iowa caucuses, which take place early in presidential election years. The Iowa caucuses are watched closely, because they provide the first indications of how well each candidate is doing at winning the support of average voters.

To prepare for caucuses and primaries, candidates must develop a campaign strategy. If this plan of action works well and the candidate wins the nomination, some of that strategy may carry over to the general election. Key elements of a strategy include tone, theme, and targeting.

Candidates must decide whether to adopt a positive or a negative tone for their campaigns. This means determining how much time and money to spend stressing the positive things about their candidacy and how much to spend criticizing their opponents.

Every candidate needs a theme. A simple, appealing idea that gets repeated over and over. A theme helps distinguish a candidate from his or her opponents in the primaries. It is also critical in the general election, when candidates from different parties compete.

Candidates must also decide whether to target specific groups of voters. Is there any group: blue-collar workers, women, the middle class, or the elderly, that is particularly unhappy with the status quo? If so, that group is a likely target for specially designed appeals from the candidates.

Another aspect of campaign strategy is how to present the candidate’s political views during the primaries as opposed to during the general election. For the primaries, candidates tend to craft their message in terms that will appeal to the party base. The party base consists of party activists, who are more likely to vote in primary elections than are less-committed centrists. This base also holds more extreme views than the average middle-of-the-road voter. As a result, candidates often emphasize more liberal or conservative views in the primaries than they would in a general election campaign.

Candidates for public office try to reach voters in various ways, both during the primaries and in the run-up to the general election. There are three general approaches: retail politics, wholesale politics, and microtargeting.

Retail politics is a meet-and-greet style of campaigning that relies on direct, personal contact with voters. Candidates take part in parades, dinners, and other local events. During these face-to-face encounters with voters, candidates try to present themselves as leaders who are in touch with ordinary people.

Wholesale politics communicates with voters that can be reached only by large-scale mail or media campaigns. Candidates may develop direct-mail campaigns, in which thousands of letters are sent to voters asking for their support. Even more common is the use of both paid and free media. Candidates and their staff prepare television ads and take part in televised town hall meetings and debates. These broadcasts can reach millions of people at a time. The Internet is also being used to reach voters on a large scale.

Microtargeting is a campaign approach that uses databases to target narrow groups of voters and then reach them with carefully crafted messages. Candidates who adopt this technique use the latest data-mining technology to gather information about voters. Armed with that data, they churn out custom-tailored messages designed to herd supporters to the polls. These messages present the candidate’s position on issues of importance to each targeted group.

 Before the presidential election, the Democratic and Republican parties each hold a national convention. Historically, party conventions are a critical step in the nomination process. Party delegates would argue over the candidates, sometimes going through several ballots before picking a nominee. Occasionally, an underdog would emerge from the pack to challenge, and even overtake, the leading candidate. Today, presidential nominees are chosen through the primary and caucus process. The winner then announces his or her choice for vice president. As a result, the national convention has evolved into a ritual to formally announce the party nominees and present them to the nation. The nominees also work with party leaders to frame a platform, laying out the party’s position on major issues. Additionally, the convention helps unite the party and excite the party base.

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