HGov: Chapter 11 Review


Studying1

The main points of this chapter are as follows:

Congressional elections have a local orientation and usually result in the reelection of the incumbent. The congressional office provides incumbents with substantial resources (free publicity, staff, and legislative influence) that give them (particularly House members) a major advantage in election campaigns.

Leadership in Congress is provided by party leaders, including the Speaker of the House and the Senate majority leader. Party leaders are in a more powerful position today than a few decades ago because the party caucuses in Congress are more cohesive than in the past.

The work of Congress is done mainly through its committees and subcommittees, each of which has its own leadership and its designated policy jurisdiction.

Congress lacks the central direction and hierarchical organization required to provide consistent leadership on major national policies, which has allowed the president to assume this role. On the other hand, Congress is well organized to handle policies of narrower scope.

Congress’s policymaking role is based on three major functions: lawmaking, representation, and oversight.

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