Gov: Passing a Bill


bill in committee
There are many ways for a bill to die in the House. Committees reject bills by simply not acting on them. It may not get out of the Rules Committee, the chairman of the bill’s committee or subcommittee can ignore it. Bills that fail to get committee action are said to have “died in committee.” If the subcommittee votes not to report a bill to the full committee, the bill dies right there. The full committee now reviews the deliberations and recommendations of the subcommittee. The committee may now conduct further review, hold more public hearings, or simply vote on the report from the subcommittee. If the bill is to go forward, the full committee prepares and votes on its final recommendations to the House. The Speaker of the House decides which reported bills will be debated. If a bill requires funding, the Appropriations Committee can choose to issue it no funds. 

Logrolling is a practice common in Congress and in many other legislative assemblies in which two or more legislators agree for each to trade his or her vote on one bill he or she cares little about in exchange for the other’s vote on a bill that is personally much more important to him or her. Logrolling is especially common when the legislators are relatively free of control by their national party leaders and are trying to secure votes for bills that will concentrate sizable benefits on their own home districts while spreading most of the costs out over taxpayers in the rest of the country. 

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